Br.J Cancer 1987;55(6):687-694. View abstract. View abstract. Schachter HM, Clifford TJ, Cranney A, Barrowman NJ, and Moher D. Raloxifene for primary and secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women: a systematic review of efficacy and safety evidence Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment. Holick MF. View abstract. Buckley LM, Leib ES, Cartularo KS, et al. B., Pavia, C., Alcover, E., Valls, C., Villaronga, M., and Gonzalez, E. Bisphosphonates, a new treatment for glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in children. Arch Dis.Child 2008;93(6):512-517. View abstract. The Canadian Calcipotriol and UVB Study Group. [62]:435, In general, no good evidence supports the commonly held belief that vitamin D supplements can help prevent osteoporosis. Ruzicka, T. and Lorenz, B. Photochem.Photobiol.Sci 2012;11(12):1848-1854. View abstract. Osteoporos.Int 2009;20(6):903-910. 2017;36(4):384-391.View abstract. Garland, C. F., Comstock, G. W., Garland, F. C., Helsing, K. J., Shaw, E. K., and Gorham, E. D. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and colon cancer: eight-year prospective study. View abstract. Trop.Med.Int Health 2011;16(6):699-706. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91(2):406-412. D is designed such that most "obvious" code is fast and safe. Salusky, I. Riis, B. J., Thomsen, K., and Christiansen, C. Does 24R,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 prevent postmenopausal bone loss? Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F, et al. Gross MD. Endocr.Rev. View abstract. View abstract. Sunlight "D"ilemma: risk of skin cancer or bone disease and muscle weakness. The role of vitamin d and calcium in type 2 diabetes. Margolis KL, Ray RM, Van Horn L, et al. Wissing, K. M., Broeders, N., Moreno-Reyes, R., Gervy, C., Stallenberg, B., and Abramowicz, D. A controlled study of vitamin D3 to prevent bone loss in renal-transplant patients receiving low doses of steroids. Pierrot-Deseilligny, C. Clinical implications of a possible role of vitamin D in multiple sclerosis. View abstract. Lancet 1-15-2011;377(9761):242-250. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in Parkinson disease. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1981;88(10):987-991. View abstract. A randomized, double-blind, parallel group multicentre study. View abstract. Aloia JF, Talwar SA, Pollack S, Yeh J. Ann.Intern Med 12-18-2007;147(12):840-853. Reis, J. P., von, Muhlen D., Miller, E. R., III, Michos, E. D., and Appel, L. J. Vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in the United States adolescent population. 5-1-2009;27(13):2151-2156. Also, most research suggests that taking vitamin D supplements may decrease the risk of death in people with heart failure. Transplantation 10-27-1998;66(8):1004-1008. Eur J Nutr 2009;48(6):349-354. J Am Dent Assoc. Acta Derm.Venereol. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: View abstract. [102][103][104] Pregnant women who take an adequate amount of vitamin D during gestation may experience a lower risk of pre-eclampsia[105] and positive immune effects. View abstract. The effect of vitamin D supplementation on skeletal, vascular, or cancer outcomes: a trial sequential meta-analysis. 2013;1975(10):441-448. Palmer, S. C., McGregor, D. O., Craig, J. C., Elder, G., Macaskill, P., and Strippoli, G. F. Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis. von Hurst, P. R., Stonehouse, W., and Coad, J. Vitamin D supplementation reduces insulin resistance in South Asian women living in New Zealand who are insulin resistant and vitamin D deficient - a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. [102] Although taking vitamin D supplements during pregnancy raises blood levels of vitamin D in the mother at term,[103] the full extent of benefits for the mother or baby is unclear. 2009;15(3):213. Br.J Dermatol. Gloth, F. M., III, Alam, W., and Hollis, B. Vitamin D vs broad spectrum phototherapy in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder. Role of alendronate in post renal transplant osteoporosis: a randomised study. Anderson PG, Williams CHM Halderson H et al. View abstract. Endocr.Pract. Rehman, P. K. Sub-clinical rickets and recurrent infection. View abstract. View abstract. For all people over the age of 1, including women who are pregnant or lactating, they set an adequate intake of 15 μg/day (600 IU).[119]. View abstract. View abstract. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults. View abstract. Clin Ther 2010;32(5):789-803. Palmer, S. C., McGregor, D. O., and Strippoli, G. F. Interventions for preventing bone disease in kidney transplant recipients. Diabet.Med 2006;23(8):920-923. Am J Clin Nutr. Milk products, insulin resistance syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Int J Obes. View abstract. View abstract. 2017;318(24):2466-2482. View abstract. For individual forms, see. View abstract. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;(2):CD000952. Calcium and vitamin D for corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. View abstract. Tubercle 1981;62:207-9. Independent association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Governmental regulatory agencies stipulate for the food and dietary supplement industries certain health claims as allowable as statements on packaging. 2-15-1989;110(4):267-274. 2006;21(3):350-354. The most reliable research shows that giving vitamin D to people with low vitamin D levels who are in the hospital with a critical illness does not make them more likely to live. Semin.Arthritis Rheum. Benhamou, C. L., Tourliere, D., Gauvain, J. 2012;17(9):1171-1179. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. Food and Nutrition Board Institute of Medicine. View abstract. 2007;100(4):185-192. View abstract. Calcif Tissue Int 1996;58(2):73-80. J Rheumatol 2000;27(7):1759-1765. View abstract. 2004;8(4):357-361. Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Conzelmann, M., Stahelin, H. B., Dick, W., Carpenter, M. G., Adkin, A. L., Theiler, R., Pfeifer, M., and Allum, J. H. Is fall prevention by vitamin D mediated by a change in postural or dynamic balance? Katoh, N. and Kishimoto, S. Combination of calcipotriol and clobetasol propionate as a premixed ointment for the treatment of psoriasis. Br J Occup Ther 1987;50:60-62. Oncol.Nurs.Forum 2009;36(1):89-96. View abstract. View abstract. Primary hyperparathyroidism in elderly patients with hip fracture. Kragballe, K., Gjertsen, B. T., De, Hoop D., Karlsmark, T., van de Kerkhof, P. C., Larko, O., Nieboer, C., Roed-Petersen, J., Strand, A., and Tikjob, G. Double-blind, right/left comparison of calcipotriol and betamethasone valerate in treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia). Am J Kidney Dis. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:424-30. A blinded, randomized controlled trial of high-dose vitamin D supplementation to reduce recurrence of bacterial vaginosis. View abstract. Myers, G. O. Relation of vitamin D deficiency to cardiovascular risk factors, disease status, and incident events in a general healthcare population. View abstract. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92:1415-23. Nnoaham, K. E. and Clarke, A. Endocr.Rev. [10][11][197], There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of interventions with vitamin D,[198] one view purporting an intake of 4,000–12,000 IU/day from sun exposure with concomitant serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels of 40 to 80 ng/mL,[199] while another view is that serum concentrations above 50 ng/mL are not plausible. 2009;5(4):444-449. 2011;12(1):29-41. View abstract. View abstract. Vitamin D seems to improve symptoms such as irritability and hyperactivity in children with autism. Bone mineral density in patients on maintenance dialysis. Psychosom Med. 2008;28(1):97-106. 2019;321(14):1370-1379. Barnett, C. M. and Beer, T. M. Prostate cancer and vitamin D: what does the evidence really suggest? The relative importance of modifiable potential risk factors of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of two cohorts. Orwoll, E. S., Oviatt, S. K., McClung, M. R., Deftos, L. J., and Sexton, G. The rate of bone mineral loss in normal men and the effects of calcium and cholecalciferol supplementation. A placebo-controlled double-blind study. Surgery 2002;132(6):1109-1112. View abstract. A., Fatourechi, M. M., Almandoz, J. P., Mullan, R. J., Lane, M. A., Liu, H., Erwin, P. J., Hensrud, D. D., and Montori, V. M. Clinical review: The effect of vitamin D on falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis. 2005;11(1):24-32. Cimetidine might decrease how well the body changes vitamin D. This might decrease how well vitamin D works. Instead, vitamin D is created from oily secretions of the skin deposited onto the feathers or fur, and is obtained orally during grooming. Heaton KW, Lever JV, Barnard RE. Other people may be able to make adequate vitamin D from sunlight exposure from April to September. J Bone Miner Res 2000;15:1113-8.. View abstract. [165][168] Land vertebrates have been photosynthesizing vitamin D for more than 350 million years. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken.) Clin Pharmacol Ther 2009;85:198-203. Haldane, J.D. Flicker, L., MacInnis, R. J., Stein, M. S., Scherer, S. C., Mead, K. E., Nowson, C. A., Thomas, J., Lowndes, C., Hopper, J. L., and Wark, J. D. Should older people in residential care receive vitamin D to prevent falls? J Am Acad Dermatol 1997;36(2 Pt 1):203-208. [55], A 2012 meta-analysis showed that the risk of cardiovascular diseases increases when blood levels of vitamin D are lowest in a range of 8 to 24 ng/mL (20 to 60 nmol/L), although results among the studies analyzed were inconsistent. View abstract. View abstract. 2016 Sep 5;9:CD011511. 2005;18(1):43-46. View abstract. B. Vitamin D receptor expression as a predictive marker of biological behavior in human colorectal cancer. 2019;127(10):681-687. View abstract. View abstract. 2011;10(3):155-162. View abstract. Ferguson, J. H. and Chang, A. Osteomalacia and arthropathy associated with prolonged abuse of purgatives. 2005;21(9):1355-1361. Hutchinson, P. E., Marks, R., and White, J. B. 4-24-2006;166(8):869-875. Randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in children with autism spectrum disorder. Brekke, H. K. and Ludvigsson, J. Vitamin D supplementation and diabetes-related autoimmunity in the ABIS study. View abstract. View abstract. N Z Med J. CMAJ. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. Int J Clin Pract. 2014 Nov;211(5):479.e1-479.e13. View abstract. Di, Munno O., Beghe, F., Favini, P., Di, Giuseppe P., Pontrandolfo, A., Occhipinti, G., and Pasero, G. Prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia: effect of oral 25-hydroxyvitamin D and calcium. View abstract. World J Gastroenterol. Int J Cardiol. Hypertension 2008;52(2):249-255. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001;86(4):1633-1637. Avenell, A. and Handoll, H. H. Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in the elderly. Clin Exp.Rheumatol 1991;9 Suppl 6:33-35. View abstract. Epidemiology 2009;20(5):720-726. Okamoto, R., Akagi, T., and Koeffler, P. Vitamin D compounds and myelodysplastic syndrome. How to use it'd in a sentence. Rajpathak, S. N., Xue, X., Wassertheil-Smoller, S., Van, Horn L., Robinson, J. G., Liu, S., Allison, M., Martin, L. W., Ho, G. Y., and Rohan, T. E. Effect of 5 y of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on change in circulating lipids: results from the Women's Health Initiative. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. 2014;312(15):1520-30. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.13204. [125], The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2016[119] reviewed the current evidence, finding the relationship between serum 25(OH)D concentration and musculoskeletal health outcomes is widely variable. Long-term dietary calcium intake and breast cancer risk in a prospective cohort of women. It's unclear if vitamin D benefits people already diagnosed with colorectal cancer. View abstract. Popescu M, Morris J, and Hillman L. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation in CF children. Park, Y., Leitzmann, M. F., Subar, A. F., Hollenbeck, A., and Schatzkin, A. 1-15-1994;120(2):97-103. Nephrol.Dial.Transplant. View abstract. Bergman, G. J., Fan, T., McFetridge, J. T., and Sen, S. S. Efficacy of vitamin D3 supplementation in preventing fractures in elderly women: a meta-analysis. Acta Paediatr. View abstract. Acta Obstet.Gynecol.Scand. [Activate vitamin D3 or bisphosphonate in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis]. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;75(6):1114-1120. Khajehdehi, P. Effect of vitamins on the lipid profile of patients on regular hemodialysis. Effect of vitamin D supplementation as adjunctive therapy to methylphenidate on ADHD symptoms: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. Wimalawansa, S. J. View abstract. Eczema (atopic dermatitis). Vitamin D supplementation in postmenopausal black women. Larsen ER, Mosekilde L, Foldspang A. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation prevents osteoporotic fractures in elderly community dwelling residents: a pragmatic population-based 3-year intervention study. View abstract. View abstract. J Bone Miner Res. Trop.Med.Int Health 2010;15(10):1148-1155. de Jong, E. M., Mork, N. J., Seijger, M. M., De La Brassine, M., Lauharanta, J., Jansen, C. T., Guilhou, J. J., Guillot, B., Ostrojic, A., Souteyrand, P., Vaillant, L., Barnes, L., Rogers, S., Klaber, M. R., and van de Kerkhof, P. C. The combination of calcipotriol and methotrexate compared with methotrexate and vehicle in psoriasis: results of a multicentre placebo-controlled randomized trial. Solvent takes about 12 days to complete, ethnicity, and Khamashta, M. S. and Leweling, C.... Enlarged ovaries with cysts ( polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS ) reduce tooth in... 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