Which of the following is true regarding nonhuman primates? Problem: Part E: Which of the following is true? Aquatic ape hypothesis. Which of the following statements is true concerning primates Hint a No. ___________ refers to the sense of smell. Fossils of the earliest primates date to the Early Eocene Epoch (56 million to 40 million years ago) or perhaps to the Late Paleocene Epoch (59 million to 56 million years ago). c) Females are generally more aggressive than males despite the fact that the males are larger. d) All primates have prehensile feet. Aboreal hypothesis. The first true primates date to about 55 MYA in the Eocene epoch. Attachment is more of a genetically programmed process and quality of caregiver doesn't matter provided that there is enough food. Question 10 of 10 10.0 Points Which of the following is not a shared derived characteristic of primates? b) 70% of primates have prehensile feet. c) The diet of most species is primarily carnivorous. Which of the following is true about the first apes? Ch. b) take advantage of lower sea levels to migrate from Europe to South America. The optic fibres in almost all mammals cross over (decussate) so that signals from one eye are interpreted on the opposite side of the brain, but, in some primate species, up to 40 percent of the nerve fibres do not cross over. In contrast, a power grip would be used to hold a larger object such as an ax handle. REST is found only in mammals. This distinction makes fossilized primate teeth easy to recognize. D. Steroscopic vision. The first true primates were found in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Eocene Epoch. Visual predation hypothesis. It has a specific function in the body. ## CORRECT --> All primates except humans are capable of holding and manipulating objects efficiently with their feet. It has been proposed, therefore, that the ancestor of the primates was a predator, perhaps insectivorous. b. Concepts include only verbal communication. Evolutionary changes continued in these early primates, with larger brains and eyes, and smaller muzzles being the trend. Non-human primates mostly live in _______________ regions of the world. The first true primates were found in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Eocene Epoch. Increased fetal brain size. This lesson covers the following objectives: Discuss various characteristics of primates a) mangroves got their name from the monkeys that inhabit the areas. a. Primate teeth are distinguishable from those of other mammals by the low, rounded form of the molar and premolar cusps, which contrast with the high, pointed cusps or elaborate ridges of other placental mammals. A. Though they began as an arboreal group, and many (especially the platyrrhines, or New World monkeys) have remained thoroughly arboreal, many have become at least partly terrestrial, and many have achieved high levels of intelligence. The first true primates were found in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Eocene Epoch. Being able to see an object with an overlapping. Which of the following is not one of the main hypotheses to explain primate origins? a. The order Primates, with its 300 or more species, is the third most diverse order of mammals, after rodents (Rodentia) and bats (Chiroptera). d) the world’s largest remaining tract of mangrove forest is … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. A. 2.The study of primates allows for insight into the origins of humans. They flourished in a broader area of the world than today's apes. B. smelling capability than do the lemurs and other more primitive primates. Author of. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e. 5. Which of the following statements is true concerning apes? As far as is known, no other placental mammal has them. The first true primates (euprimates) appear in the fossil record about 56 mys. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Where can you find a capybara? There were a far greater number of genera then than today. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Again, this feature is not by any means restricted to primates, but it is a general feature seen among predators. They were found in North America and Europe in the Cenozoic and went extinct by the end of the Eocene. These early primates resembled present-day prosimians such as lemurs. Researchers have proven that all creatures, even one-celled organisms such as the amoeba, are capable of insight learning. REST is found in a wide variety of animals.C. Traditional taxonomies divide apes into how many different evolutionary grades? Professor of Biological Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra. b) Most species are primarily terrestrial. University of California, Davis • GEL GEL 107, University of California, Riverside • ANTHRO 002, Coastline Community College • BIOLOGY MISC. Omissions? d. All the above. Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises. 1 b. Which of the following is true about mangroves? In all primates except humans, the hallux diverges from the other toes and together with them forms a pincer capable of grasping objects such as branches. humans and monkeys are members of :haplorhini Which of the following can be found only on madaguscen:lemurs Which of the following is a common catarrhini trail:isohial caliositis Humans and apes are members of the _____ infraorder. The term hominid includes all monkeys, apes, and humans. Which of the following statements is true about the New World monkeys? a. Hominoids b. Hominins c. Prosimians d. Anthropoids e. Monkeys. b. So too does primates’ possession of specialized nerve endings (Meissner’s corpuscles) in the hands and feet that increase tactile sensitivity. Choose the three statements that apply. Which statement is true of hominins? These early primates resembled present-day prosimians such as lemurs. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. C. Loss of canines and premolars from the ancestral condition. Infanticide in non-human primates occurs as a result of exploitation when the individuals performing the infanticide directly benefit from consumption or use of their victim. To learn more about primates, review the corresponding lesson titled Primates and Human Origin. When compared with body weight, the primate brain is larger than that of other terrestrial mammals, and it has a fissure unique to primates (the Calcarine sulcus) that separates the first and second visual areas on each side of the brain. Primate - Primate - Diet: The diet of primates is a factor of their ecology that, during their evolution, has clearly played an important role in their dispersion and adaptive radiation as well as in the development of the teeth, jaws, and digestive system. When you hold a pencil while writing, you are using a ____________ grip. Which of the following statements is true concerning primates? Primates are not alone in having grasping feet, but as these occur in many other arboreal mammals (e.g., squirrels and opossums), and as most present-day primates are arboreal, this characteristic suggests that they evolved from an ancestor that was arboreal. d. Past experience does not influence communication. Which of the following is true with regards to Harlow's studies with Rhesus monkeys? Although there are some notable variations between some primate groups, they share several anatomic and functional characteristics reflective of their common ancestry. Which of the following statements about communication theory is true? c. Perceptions are clarified through feedback. a. https://www.britannica.com/animal/primate-mammal, primate - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), primates - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). REST is found only in primates.B. There are four hominin species: humans, chimps, gorillas, and monkeys. They have relatively larger brains compared to other animals of similar body size d) none of the above : 6. Which of the following evolutionary developments is/are responsible for most primates' enhanced vision? B. Opposable thumbs and toes. b) mangroves grow on low-energy coasts. field of view from two eyes is necessary for true three dimensional, or stereoscopic, vision. c. Some of ancient species were larger than today's apes. REST is found only in humans.D. Updates? They were found in North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Not all primates have similarly dextrous hands; only the catarrhines (Old World monkeys, apes, and humans) and a few of the lemurs and lorises have an opposable thumb. Corrections? New World monkeys are the five families of primates that are found in the tropical regions of Mexico, Central and South America: Callitrichidae, Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae, and Atelidae.The five families are ranked together as the Ceboidea / s ɛ ˈ b ɔɪ d iː ə /, the only extant superfamily in the parvorder Platyrrhini / p l æ t ɪ ˈ r aɪ n aɪ /. Researchers have found that apes are capable of insight only after being taught this by humans. Primate, in zoology, any mammal of the group that includes the lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). c) mangrove forests mitigate storm damage. ## CORRECT --> Most people normally hold a pencil by pinching it between your forefingers and thumb. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Attachment is a biological process as imprinting … Which of the following is true of research on insight? The order Primates, with its 300 or more species, is the third most diverse order of mammals, after rodents (Rodentia) and bats (Chiroptera). Evolutionary changes continued in these early primates, with … Which of the following statements about primates is true? a. bipedalism b. binocular vision c. vertical pelvis d. opposable big toes 1 See answer ... What must be true if the mesentery is an organ? Angiosperm radiation hypothesis. Many primates have high levels of intelligence. All primates except humans have prehensile feet. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. 4.The study of primates provides insight into why humans engage in conflict and warfare. Which of the following is NOT one of the four evolutionary grades of Primates? Primate, in zoology, any mammal of the group that includes the lemurs, lorises, tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans. a) All apes lack external tails except for the small ape species of Southeast Asia. ## CORRECT --> All primates except humans are capable of holding and manipulating objects efficiently, Human toes are too short and lack the opposability necessary to effectively grasp most. True. c) All primates except humans have prehensile feet. Pentadactylism refers … These early primates resembled present-day prosimians such as lemurs. Plesiadapiforms were proto-primates that had some features of the teeth and skeleton in common with true primates. b) There are three varieties of gorillas. The eyes face forward in all primates so that the eyes’ visual fields overlap. 16 - Canadian primate paleontologist David Begun proposes that climate changes in Europe prompted late Miocene apes to: a) migrate to Asia from Europe following food sources. c) spread to Europe from Africa following the expansion of tropical forests. Evolutionary changes continued in these early primates, with larger brains and eyes, and smaller muzzles being the trend. a. Primates are able to learn new languages to share ideas and feelings. It is part of an organ system. A True B False 6. The type of mating system that a species of primates uses can affect: A. testes size B. whether or not females and/or males disperse C. parental investment by males D. infanticide E. all of the above can be affected by the type of mating system 7. 1.The study of primates assists in the preservation of their species in the wild. 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