Every care was taken for education and employment of the slaves. The stadium took its name from a 14th century fortress Firoz Shah Tughlaq. For the cricket ground, see Feroz Shah Kotla Ground. The gardens yielded an annual income of 1, 80,000 Tankas. Humanitarian Measures 5. Alauddin Khalji: Policy of Expansion; Delhi Sultanate: Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1412 CE) Reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq; Saiyyd Dynasty and Lodhi Dynasty; Mughal Empire. Suddhi Movement aimed at purifying those Hindus who were converted to other religions in the nineteenth century. Firoz realized that one of the reasons for the failure of Muhammad was that he did not have the support of the nobles. The second was 96 miles long and ran from the Satluj to the Ghaghara. The measures of Firuz were successful. As Muhammad bin Tughlaq left no son, his cousin Feroze Shah Tughlaq ascended the throne as Sultan. He is known for having built various schools, religious establishments, and earthworks. The Sultan did not attempt to enforce discipline in the army. brought discredit to him. Firuz established thirty madrasas including three colleges. Finally, while chasing Taghi, Governor of Sindh Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq died in Sindh (1351). Yet, the state was benefited as the expenditure of the state could be adjusted according to its income which was known beforehand. He was the third ruler of Tughlaq dynasty that ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1412 AD. Firuz Shah Tughlaq Firuz Shah Tughlaq (also spelled Tughluq) was the ruler of Dulhi Sultanate from 1351 t o 1358. The revenue policy of the Sultan also added to the general prosperity of the people. They are: 1. Form an estimate of the personality of Firoz Shah Tughlaq with special reference to his religious policy and public works. He established an employment bureau which arranged for the employment of unemployed people. [1] [2] His father's name was Rajab (the younger brother of Ghazi Malik ) who had the title Sipahsalar . The Sultanate had wanted to break and reuse the Ashokan pillar for a minaret. The Malwa, Gujarat and Sharqi (Jaunpur) Kingdoms broke away from the Sultanate. He is known for having built various schools, religious establishments, and earthworks. Firuz Shah (r. 1351-88) of the Delhi-based Tughlaq dynasty was a sultan interested in architecture. Therefore, in order to establish his credibility as the sovereign of an ‘Islamic state’ and leader of the ‘faithful’, he publicly demonstrated contempt for Hinduism and displayed extraordinary zeal for Islam. Even the provincial governors were ordered to treat their slaves as their own sons. But, the system was illogical as it was not based on measurement of land and actual produce. At the time of re-installation of the obelisk in Delhi, in 1356, … 1. After Firoz Shah Tughlaq 1388-1414 1. In 1316, Sultan Alauddin Khilji, one of the greatest, powerful and ruler of Hindustan history, died. All these were meant for the purpose of irrigation. In 1316, Sultan Alauddin Khilji, one of the greatest, powerful and ruler of Hindustan history, died. The Muslims regarded Firoz Shah as an ideal ruler who tried to rule strictly according to the Quran. However, the literature of his time was influenced by Islamic faith and therefore, suffered from narrow sectionalism. During the last year of Muhammad Tughlaq’s reign, the administration was disrupted; subjects were mostly dissatisfied within the religious policy and worst of all was the weak domain of economy. The author of Sirat-i-Firnzshahi was also patronized by the Sultan. False Ibrahim Lodi lost control over the Gangetic Valley. Dr R.C. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. Firoz banned all kinds of damages and torture. which won praise from various quarters. Firuz abolished a number of internal trade taxes which resulted in reduction of prices of goods and enhancement of trade. Firoz’s religious policy has become subject to severe criticism mainly by Indian historians. Firuz was fond of keeping slaves and their number reached to 1,80,000 during his rule. Firuz Shah (r. 1351-88) of the Delhi-based Tughlaq dynasty was a sultan interested in architecture. This book is the autobiography of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The soldiers of the Sultan were mostly paid by grants of land. He brought two of Ashoka’s pillars from Topara and Meerut and had them re-erected at Delhi. He did all this because he wanted to capture the loyalty of the Ulema and reactionary group of Muslims who all had supported him in capturing the throne. Some of the important monuments of the Sultanate period are the Qutb Minar complex, the Alai Darwaza, the tomb of Gbiyasuddin Tughlaq, Firoz Shah Kotla, the Tughlaqabad for and the tombs of the Lodi kings. brought discredit to him. It is said that Firuz established 300 towns. Religious policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq were based on the predominance of Islamic laws and the Ulema as the basic principles in administering the state. He also arranged for the maintenance and repairs of his buildings and assigned lands for that purpose. The Tughlaqs were basically of Turkish origin and the family was essentially Muslim. Firuzabad near the Red Fort in Delhi was the favourite city of Firuz where he mostly lived. Firoz Shah Tughlaq. He called himself the Naib of the Khalifa and inscribed his name on his coins. Contemporary Tombs of Tughlaq Sultans in Delhi The Tomb and Madrassa of Firoz Shah Tughlaq (14 th C), The Tomb of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq (c.1325), Delhi From Multan and Uch-Sharif Uch Monument Complex (about sixteen structures) (On Tentative list of Proposed UNESCO World Heritage Sites) Ruins of at Uch Uch emerged as a thriving hub of Islamic Sufism and scholarship in the 13 th C. He frankly accepted Islamic laws as basic principles in administering the state. At the same time, his military expeditions, slave system, feudal practice and religious policy etc. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. Of course, other Sultans supported Islam and were prejudiced against the Hindus, yet none accepted Islamic laws as basic principles governing their administra­tion. Sarit-e-Firoz Shahi (author unknown) – In this book, the book of Shams-e-Siraj-Afeef has been given a detailed description of Tarikh-a-Firoz Shahi. Its advantage was that the income of the state was fixed and was known beforehand. Rather, it was the result of guess which was, of course, supported by previous revenue records. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Firoz Tughlaq surrounded Bengal in 1353 A.D. and 1359A.D. After his death, his cousin Firoz Shah came to the throne who ruled till 1388. He was killed by unknown persons and died a martyr and his mausoleum, situated near Jama Masjid in Delhi, is called the `Shahid Sahab ki Mazar`. Verses from the Koran were engraved on the walls of some buildings. This article gives you information on the personality of Firoz Shah Tughlaq with special reference to his religious policy and public works. A pristine polished sandstone Topra Ashokan pillar from the 3rd century B.C. Village administration of Rashtrakuta Empire was headed by the village headman. Thus, Firuz practised severely intolerant policy towards the Hindus. Mohammad-bin Tughlaq ascended the throne in 1325. He placed religious leaders/scholars in charge of governmental policies, built up the infrastructure of … The one was 150 miles long and carried the waters of the river Yamuna to Hissar. He did not give any harsh punishment and banned the inhuman practices like cutting hands, nose etc. He also established a charitable hospital called Dar-ul-shafa near Delhi. Timur Invasion: (1398-99) Timur, a Turk, invaded India in 1398 during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tughlaq, the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. Majumdar writes- “Firuz was the greatest bigot of his age and the precursor of Sikandar Lodi and Aurangzeb in this respect.” Professor Banarsi Prasad Saxena also writes: “But in the last fifteen years of his reign Firuz was an incurable and degenerate fanatic.”. Education 7. Foreign Policy. […] In March, 1351, Muhammad died. The fourth ran from the Ghaghara to Firozabad and the fifth from the Yamuna to Firozabad. Firuz distributed a large amount of wealth and land among saints and other religious people. Besides, military service was made hereditary. His religious policy, slave-system and the weak organisation of the army, certainly, weakend the state. The Hindus who constituted the majority became certainly disloyal to the state. [1] He was the son of a Rajput Hindu princess of Dipalpur. They resulted in increased prosperity both for the subjects and the state. All these efforts resulted in the extension of area under cultivation, enhancement of trade and also income of the state in the form of irrigation- tax. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. He abolished the practice of torturing the guilty to extract the truth from them. Firuz remained fanatically intolerant towards the Hindus. After Firoz Shah Tughlaq 1388-1414 1. Rajab was the younger brother of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. His tomb is in the middle of a madrasa he commissioned, overlooking a tank of water known as Hauz Khas. Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the first Sultan of Delhi whose religious policies were based on the pre-eminence of Islamic … It put unnecessary burden on the treasury and, afterwards, the slaves of Firuz interfered in affairs of the state which also contributed towards the downfall of Tughluq dynasty. There are different levels of Wali depending on the extent of love and unity with the Almighty that they feel and exhibit in their behaviour. His mother was a Hindu princess of Dipalpur, who gave herself to his father Razzab (the younger brother of Ghazi Malik) to save her people from the demands and oppressions of the half-breed Turks. Now only its ruins have remained and their location is called ‘Kotla Firuz Shah’. Religions Policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq Religious policies of Firoz Shah Tughlaq were based on the predominance of Islamic laws and the Ulema as the basic principles in administering the state. The important towns established by him were only Fatehabad, Hissar, Firuzpur, Jaunpur and Firuzabad. The state officials were ordered to collect only those taxes which were accepted rightful by the state. The peasants were freed from return of Taqavi loans given to them by the state. 2. Firoz Shah Tughlaq paid great attention towards the domestic affairs of his state. During his rule, Firoz Tughlaq adopted measures like revenue reforms, irrigation works, charitable programmes and public works etc. But like other rulers of his age, he was intolerant of their religion. But Firoz Tughlak was a religious bigot. Kotla literally means fortress or citadel. Rest of the taxes were abolished. Jia Nakshavi was the first person to translate a series of Sanskrit texts into Persian.The book, popularly known as Thutinama, ... Next Article Jahangir’s religious policy. Timur Invasion: (1398-99) Timur, a Turk, invaded India in 1398 during the reign of Muhammad Shah Tughlaq, the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. Firoz was a great builder. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Domestic Policies of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | India | Tughluq Dynasty, Reign of Firuz Shah Tughluq | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Successors of Firuz Shah | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Ghiyas-Ud-Din Tughluq Shah: Difficulties and Death | Tughluq Dynasty, Architecture during the Sultanate Period | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. He also arranged for increased means of irrigation which resulted in enlargement of area under cultivation and larger produce. His army Zia-ud- din Barani and Shams-i-Siraj Afif wrote their works under his patronage. He also established Diwan-i-lstibqaq to give financial aid to the poor. The assessment which he made was not based on measurement of the land or on the basis of actual produce. His father's name was Rajab (the younger brother of Ghazi Malik) who had the title Sipahsalar. Since he was half Muslim, got a religious temperament, probably to prove himself equal to the Pure Muslims. Fanatically intolerant religious policy towards the Hindus: Firoz encouraged the Hindus for conversion to Islam. He also got 150 wells bored for the purpose of irrigation and also for the use of travellers. He established hospitals (Dar-ul-shafa), Marriage Bureau, (Diwani-i-kherat), and an Employment Bureau. Firuz was neither a laborious nor an efficient administrator. He was a sultan who took keen curiosity in the field of architecture. Ask your question. Humanitarian Measures. TOS4. He was equally intolerant towards the shias and other Muslim dissenters. He propagated Islam and encouraged the Hindus for conversion. b) Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. He also held his own court for administering justice and was in favour of mild punishment. Yahiya-bin-Ahmad Sirhindi-Sirhindi had composed the Tarikh-A-Mubarakshahi. 2. His father's name was Rajab (the younger brother of Ghazi Malik) who had the title Sipahsalar.His mother Naila was a Bhati Rajput princess (daughter of Rana Mal) from Dipalpur. During his rule, Firoz Tughlaq adopted measures like revenue reforms, irrigation works, charitable programmes and public works etc. As Muhammad bin Tughlaq left no son, his cousin Firuz Tughlaq ascended the throne as Sultan. In the time of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Sanskrit books on medicine and music were translated into Persian. Army Organization 9. The Hindus who constituted the majority became certainly disloyal to the state. It meant that when a soldier retired, his son, son-in-law or even a slave could claim his post. Firuz Tughlaq-Futusha composed a book named A Firozshahi. So, after him, it was obvious that the Empire faced many challenges. brought discredit to him. Firuz increased the salaries of his officers, gave them jagirs, abolished the practice of extorting truth by torture and also the practice of offering presents to the Sultan so that they might not pressurize the peasants. He ruled from 1351-1388, and built a number of architectural marvels. Most of the city was destroyed as subsequent rulers dismantled its buildings and reused the spolia as building materials. ASSESSMENT OF THE REVENUE. About Firoz Shah Tughlaq: Born in 1309 and ascended the throne of Delhi after the demise of his cousin Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. At the same time, his military expeditions, slave system, feudal practice and religious policy etc. He started seeking advice of the Ulemas and ruled as per the Shariat. Yet, it is creditable that both the peasants and the state enjoyed prosperity during the reign of Firuz. Rajab was the younger brother of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. Discuss the religious policy of firoz shah tughlag Get the answers you need, now! Related posts: How was the Revenue Policy of Firuz Shah Tughlaq? Firuz was neither a laborious nor an efficient administrator. Firoz Tughlaq tried to serve his people in the best way he could and that is … His increased revenues were due to the cultivation of superior crops, water tax and revenue from gardens. d) Sikandar Lodi. Firoz paid attention primarily towards consolidation and reforms instead of conquests. ASSESSMENT OF THE REVENUE. All those peasants who used the water of the canals constructed by the state had to pay 1/10 of their produce to the state as irrigation-tax. […] One of the translated works which concerned with philosophy and astrology was titled Dalail-i-Firuzshahi. Join now. He was the child of a Hindu princess of Firuz imposed only four taxes sanctioned by Islamic laws viz., kharaj (land tax), khams (1/5 of the looted property during wars), Jizya (religious tax on the Hindus), and Zakat (2 ½ per cent of the income of the Muslims which was spent for the welfare of Muslim subjects and their religion). Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. Cases of corruption were also there. False.Firoz Shah Tughlaq was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq’s cousin. About Firoz Shah Tughlaq: Born in 1309 and ascended the throne of Delhi after the demise of his cousin Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. After the death of Alauddin Khilji, Shihab-ud-din Khilji remained in power but could not retain his power for long. a) Iltutmish. Also known as Mirza Zanzana, he was a Master of the four Tariqats- Naqshbandia, Qadiria, Suhrawardia and Chishtia Orders. We have read about Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq. The Tughlaq dynasty would not survive much after Firoz Shah's death. Firoz Tughlaq wrote his own self narrative and the historian Barni and Afif were in his protection. Chungi (Octroi) was one of these taxes which was abolished by Firoz. The Tughlaq dynasty would not survive much after Firoz Shah's death. Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioti which won praise from various quarters. Privacy Policy3. While Aurangzeb regarded himself as the master of Islamic laws and therefore, did not depend on the Ulema for their interpretation, Firuz depended on the Ulema for their clarification or interpretations. Irrigation 3. One of the important outcomes of these revolts was the birth of the first Muslim state in Deccan ie Bahmani Kingdom by Alauddin Bahman Shah in 1343. Probably, the state-demand was 1/5th to 1/3rd of the produce as land revenue. Firuz Shah, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Tughluq Dynasty. He seized Jainagar. In a way, his religious policy also contributed in bringing about the downfall of the Tughluq empire. According to Firishta, Firuz also constructed fifty dams and thirty tanks or lakes to store water. The use of red sandstone added colour to their buildings. There was a fine library at the temple of Jwalamukhi which consisted of 1,300 volumes of Sanskrit texts. ... Next Article Jahangir’s religious policy. Join now. brought discredit to him. Rajab was … The result of the reforms of Firuz was that he was able to put a lot of money into his coffers. Firuz Shah was the son of Malik Rajab and a Hindu princess. Firuz abolished nearly twenty-four taxes which were, certainly, burdensome to the people. 2. Firoz was a pious and devout Sunni Muslim. Tughlaq was in power from 1351 to 1388 AD. In this condition, Firoz Shah Tughlaq opted for the policy of appeasement. One Ashoka pillar from Khizrabad and another from Meerut were also brought to Delhi by him. Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1526-1530) Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun; Sur Dynasty: Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545 CE) Mughal Empire: Reign of Akbar (1556-1605 CE) Reign of Jahangir and Shahjahan He imposed Jizya on Brahmanas who were either left free from this tax or neglected while collecting it by all previous Sultans. Barani wrote Fatwah-i-Jahandari; Afif wrote his Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi; and the Sultan wrote his autobiography, Fatuhat-i-Firuzshahi. Khizr Khan was the founder of Sayyid dynasty. He levied Jizya on the Brahmins. Firoz Shah Tughlaq Reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Thus, largely he was successful in his domestic policy. He adopted the policy of trying to appease the nobility, the army and theologians and of asserting his authority over only … He destroyed the temple of Jwalamukhi in Kangra and one of the primary aims in attacking Puri was to destroy the Hindu temple there so that, like Mahmud of Ghazni, he could claim to be an idol-breaker. The revenue policy of the Sultan also added to the general prosperity of the people. The stadium took its name from a 14th century fortress Firoz Shah Tughlaq. The revenue which was fixed up, remained unchanged during the reign of Firuz. Other Sultans supported Islam and were prejudiced against the Hindus but none of them accepted Islamic laws as basic means of governing their administration. The prices of articles were reduced. Therefore, the military organisation of the Sultan suffered and the army no more remained a powerful army. He suffered from an inferiority complex that he had been born of a Hindu mother. During the last years of the reign of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, the administration had disrupted and the subjects were dissatisfied, and also there was a breakdown of the economy.The Muslims were also dissatisfied with the policy … He ruled from 1351-1388, and built a number of architectural marvels. ManAgam6620 ManAgam6620 13.08.2020 History Secondary School +5 pts. Sikandar Lodi lost control over the Gangetic Valley. Firuz himself was a scholar and patronized learning. His army Firoz Tughlaq came to the throne in 1351 A.D. and ruled for about 37 years up to 1388 A.D. ADVERTISEMENTS: We can discuss the reign of Firoz Tughluq under tow heads: domestic policy and foreign policy. Justice 6. Shams-i-Shiraj Afif wrote- “The necessaries of life were abundant and grain continued to be cheap throughout the reign of Firuz as in that of Ala-ud-din Khalji, but without any effort.”. He wrote- “I encouraged my infidel subjects to embrace the religion of the Prophet, and I proclaimed that everyone who left his creed and became a Musalman should be exempted from the Jizya.”. When ascended to the throne of Delhi, Firoz Shah Tughlaq (reign. Many towns and cities like Firozpur, Firozabad and Firoz Shah Kotla were built by him. which won praise from various quarters. Firuz was the first Sultan of Delhi who accepted predominance of Islamic laws and the Ulema in administering the state. At the same time, his military expeditions, slave system, feudal practice and religious policy etc. In his autobiography entitled Futuhat-i-Firuz Shahi, he claimed to have repaired the Jama Masjid of old Delhi, the Qutb Minar, the Shamsi Tank, the Ali-i-Tank, the Jahan Panah, the madrasa of Sultan Iltutmish, and the mausoluems of Sultan Iltutmish, Sultan Bahram Shah, Sultan Rukn-ud-din Firuz Shah, Sultan Jalal- ud-din. Thus, the principle of merit was rejected in enlisting soldiers. There was all round prosperity among the people and there was no famine during the reign of Firuz. Last Days of Firoz Shah Tughlaq: In 1375, Prince Fath Khan, his eldest and favorite son, died and the Sultan was greatly affected by his death.When the Sultan was nearly ninety years (1387), Khan-i-Jahan, the wazir, got absolute power of the kingdom. 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