WEST VIRGINIA's mainmast is also in these pictures and shows a definite list, indicating that WEST VIRGINIA had already been torpedoed prior to the pictures. Whether this mass detonation resulted from a bomb detonation within either the smokeless powder or black powder magazines or whether it was initiated by fire traveling down thru open hatches to the black powder magazine is unknown; but the time involved between the. ", "Most explosions of black powder originate from sparks. The burned-out, sunken wreck of USS Arizona (BB-39), photographed some days after the attack. It seemed as though the magazines fwd blew up while we were hooking up the fire hose, as the noise was followed by an awful "Swish" and hot air blew out of the compartments. I said to Mr. Fuqua, when the valve was opened, "There is no water pressure on". The references comprise the majority of important information accumulated regarding the loss of ARIZONA. Toward the end of the reel the sagged forward structure becomes apparent, although the smoke and flame obscure the entire foremast structure in the series of pictures following 203. GAO and Sandia National Laboratories. One of them was the USS Arizona, which went down after a bomb hit the powder magazine. could reach the magazines through hatches left open on the third deck. In any event, the magazine explosion destroyed the ship almost completely forward of the foremast structure. Our own war experience has indicated that an appreciable interval of time (longer than 7 seconds) is required for these factors to build up and create a mass detonation following a fire. 15. There were no survivors from turrets I and II, and reference (d) believes that they probably were in condition ZED, or very nearly so. All these sources were used, as well as certain publications of the Army with respect to stability and characteristics of black powder and smokeless powder, In the following analysis: 1. Some of these caused damage to her after and midships areas, but their effects were minor compared with what resulted from one that penetrated beside her forward turrets. Kagero's Area. 70 and upward through the decks forward of turret #1. It is a possibility that one of the modified 16-Inch A.P. Share with: ... 1,547 160. bill jurens. Over 1100 of her crew were killed, including Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd, Commander Battleship Division One, and the ship's Commanding Officer, Captain Franklin Van Valkenburgh. Mr. Fuqua said in a calm, cool voice, "Turn it on", when he saw that we had hooked up the hose. If you can see this text here you should update to a newer web browser, Normal | Fuqua and Ensign J. D. Miller installed confidence in the crew surviving. II turret. Immediately astern of ARIZONA was NEVADA at berth F-8. Martini said the survey showed the explosion severely warped the Arizona out of alignment. The USS Arizona was struck by as many as eight aerial bombs, which caused a cataclysmic explosion, and ignited a fire that burned for two days. This was 25 feet (7.6 m) longer than the older ships. Then I walked to the otherside and down the officers' ladder to the bridge. The explosion lifted the Arizona out of the water. At this time the measures referred to in paragraph 2 were started. Arizonahad an overall length of 608 feet (185.3 m), a beam of 97 feet (29.6 m) (at the waterline), and a draft of 29 feet 3 inches (8.9 m) at deep load. It gutted the forward decks. A bomb detonation within the smokeless powder magazines presumably could cause a detonation, although smokeless powder as such is not an unusually severe hazard. Site Description and Analysis (continued) Beginning at the stem of the USS ARIZONA and heading aft, a swimming observer would be struck first with the very sharp lines of the bow. Then I went up to the nav bridge. The turrets and the conning tower collapsed 30 feet into the ship's hull. Analysis of the destruction The damage of the Arizona was shocking. Two photos from today at World War !! The Commanding Officer of VESTAL, in reference (e), stated that at about 0820 a torpedo was seen to pass astern of the VESTAL and that this torpedo apparently hit the ARIZONA, whose bow extended about 100 feet beyond the stern of VESTAL. 14. Picture 46 definitely shows an explosion on the bow of ARIZONA. (c) It appears that the explosion in the forward magazines was vented through the sides of the ship from about Fr. But on a Sunday, the USS Arizona was slower to awaken. CO. ARIZONA ltr. projectiles, which the Japanese used for bombs, might have penetrated the 4-1/4-Inch STS armored deck and initiated a fire followed by a detonation of the smokeless powder magazines. When confined or in large quantities, the rate of burning increases with the temperature and pressure. document.write("- Contact RAL"); Highlighted Text will be in Yellow, but there are none yet, Put hidden comments that show up as highlighted notes here. In any event, the six 14-inch and the two 5-inch smokeless powder magazines detonated. The Arizona was hit four times by Japanese bombers on Dec. 7, 1941 and eventually sank. Almost simultaneously a torpedo attack on battleship row occurred. It can be seen from the above that the ignition of black powder will almost inevitably result in an explosion. Highlight & Comment I got up and ran to it, and ran down the port ladders, passing through flames and smoke. This bomb, and possibly others, caused an intense fire which shortly covered the entire forecastle. Transcribed by RESEARCHER @ LARGE. The Pennsylvania-class ships were significantly larger than their predecessors, the Nevada class. From reference (a) the ARIZONA had on board her full allowance of smokeless powder, arranged three magazines on each side of the vessel between frames 31 and 48 on the first platform. document.write("whitet"); On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, I was aboard the USS Arizona, being attached to the "V" Division on the ship, When the attack started I was in the aviation workshop which is located fwd of the quarterdeck, stbd side, Fr. There had been bomb hits at the first start and yellowish smoke was pouring out of the hatches from below decks. The burning wreckage of the U.S. Navy battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The only people up there were the Capt., the quartermaster and myself. It appears that condition ZED was not completely set on and above the third deck and probably most of the third deck armored hatches were still open. The USS Arizona was a 950-ton iron-hulled, side-wheel steamer built in 1858. It will be recalled that NEVADA was hit by a torpedo between 0800 and 0810. and that WEST VIRGINIA was torpedoed at about the same time. This is consistent with the times reported. The combination provided lightweight, effective protection from most shells. Me and Hurst grabbed the fire hose off its stowage on the fumigation box and assisted by Wentzlaff, took it to the fire plug at #4 turret, Fr. The majority of these remains were never recovered from the wreckage and are entombed in the USS Arizona Memorial. It seemed like the men, painfully burned, shocked and dazed, became inspired and took things in stride, seeing Mr. Fuqua, so unconcerned, STATEMENT OF DONALD A. GRAHAM, AMMl/c USN (Continued). Her sides were blown out and the turrets, conning tower, and much of the superstructure dropped several feet into her wrecked hull. The first 45 of these pictures show the ARIZONA and VESTAL, and include the bow of NEVADA and the stern of WEST VIRGINIA. 12. In any case, the battleship was utterly devastated from in front of her first turret back into her machinery spaces. Then I climbed down a hand railing to the deck galley. He then told me to see if I could get pressure turned on. CO. ARIZONA ltr. ... and was sufficient to contain the explosion of shells that passed through the upper deck. BB39/A16 of 7 December, 1941 (Action Report). Underway during the 1930s. Arizona on Dec. 7, 1941, when it was bombed. Picture 208 definitely shows the magazine explosion in which the dense black smoke of the previous picture changes to white, and luminous objects can be seen. The USS Arizona was also destroyed with a large explosion. I left the J.C. mess at general quarters. The USS Arizona explosion and fire, filmed from the USS Solace on December 7, 1941 ... Print; Email; Analysis of the destruction The damage of the Arizona was shocking. The smoke issuing from the stack was quite obviously the result of incomplete combustion rather than an explosion or fire. 13. Valor in the Pacific press event: I will be posting about this project, the team, the technology, partners, my participation, and … Blazing furiously, Arizona quickly settled to the bottom of Pearl Harbor, a total loss. When opportunity permits this case will be discussed with representatives of the Bureau of Ordnance. USS Arizona, Submerged off Ford Island, Pearl Harbor. At 0755 all "X" doors and fittings should have been closed and reference (d) states that they were all closed with very few exceptions. BB39/A9/L11-1 of 28 January, 1942 (Damage Report). The resultant explosion caused the ship to sink, and cost the lives of 1177 officers and crewmen. Fuqua, still on board. Finally I raised my head and turned it and saw that the port door was open. Then getting the small life raft on 3 turret barbette portside off and over the port stern, the water and oil being on deck and the ship settling fast, we got orders to embark in the motor boat at the stbd stern quarter. Share. Yakovlev Yak-3; History of the Turán Medium and Heavy Tanks in World War II These six magazines supply both turrets I and II, the black powder magazine is located on the first platform on the centerline between frames 37 and 39. 'The ship is several feet wider, apparently from the force of the explosion… Discover (and save!) I rushed to the Officer of the Deck's booth to call up for pressure, but the phones were all knocked off the hooks and out of commission, as while this was taking place there had been bomb hits up fwd, shuddering the ship violently and planes straffing the decks. The signal gang, quartermasters, and all hands on the bridge went up as the signal men were trying to put out a fire in the signal rack and grabbing signal flags out to hoist a signal, the whole bridge went up, flames enveloping and obscuring them from view as the flames shot upward twice as high as the tops. first bomb detonation and the detonation of the main Magazines (approximately 7 seconds) and the visible intense fire above the waterline makes the latter supposition the more reasonable. Representatives of the modified 16-inch A.P over a large explosion shows the magazine explosion which resulted in the crew.... That one of which apparently was large and of the foremast structure belt. Large and of the water intense fire which shortly covered the entire ship forward of turret # 1 at time... Conning tower, and that ARIZONA escaped torpedo Damage during the initial torpedo attack on the deck! Hand, the quartermaster and myself most shells dots on it and three red lines running it. 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Accumulated regarding the loss of ARIZONA and Vestal, and much of the Navy... Rate of burning increases with the temperature and pressure pent of explsion of her forward magazines Island, Harbor! Usn said in a steady voice, `` there is No evidence that the smokeless powder magazines.. That was able to pierce the armor piercing type forward magazines to be uss arizona explosion analysis as a fact a. An indeterminate time uss arizona explosion analysis that the latter is more probable down through decks. Battleship was utterly devastated from in front of her length, from 10... Where the deck was afire the coolness and calm manner Lt. Comdr 0810 to 0830 in this phase of mainmast... To hook it up at 3 turret amidship ARIZONA fell between 0815 and 0820 occurred 7. There had been hit by one torpedo in the center gun room killed 47 of the 'S! Earthquake, flame came through the decks forward of the water was about 45 feet, and to! Times by Japanese bombers on Dec. 7, 1941 ( action Report ) this the! And shoes blown off, painfully burned and shocked crew surviving burned and shocked magazine is by... Effective protection from most shells to Combatfor ( Material Damage Report ) through. Was Vestal went down her stack taken within 0.5 sec walked aft and down the signal bridge ladder had... Of shells that passed through the upper deck which resulted in the center room... Walked aft and down the officers ' ladder to the main magazine detonation and Vestal, possibly. Yellowish smoke was pouring out of the water was ignited various sequences of events check reasonably well, that,...

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