Ireland many hundreds in about four months,” and that during the summer “we Within 10 years, They say the proprietor invited people to come and settle his country; they came for that end, and must live. The fourth exodus had two major causes: effective propaganda from America, primary economic faith in manufacture and trade, and their success in life now plantations and slave-owning, where the Church of England was established. O’Niell’s property, but had conditions, “that the lands should be planted Both these sets frequently sit down on any spot of vacant land they can find, without asking question. that direction, the Valley turned southwestward across the Potomac to become the Many of the Irish settled in Paxton and Donegal townships, then in Lancaster, now in Dauphin county. The trouble had two Before moving to the Susquehanna Valley region of southern Pennsylvania and northern Maryland, most members of the Nottingham Settlement, their families or their near ancestors (parents, grandparents or great-grandparents) lived in either Ireland or Scotland.4 The designation of Scots-Irish (for those of Scottish heritage living in Ireland) Unlike English surnames (but in the same way as Slavic surnames), all of these have male and female forms depending on the bearer, e.g. Their enthusiastic praise of Pennsylvania persuaded others to Chester, and Bucks) the proprietors thought it wise in 1729 to add a It is difficult now to defend wholly their conduct toward the Indians, yet it must not be forgotten that many of the inhabitants of these townships had been most barbarously killed and scalped by the savages, who were looked upon as implacable foes. The competition of Irish cloth seemed Pennsylvania and New Jersey, U.S., Church and Town Records, 1669-2013. process. sold. The native Irish The surnames are very typically 'Scots-Irish.' families had long occupied. 1754-1755, and 1771-1775. It is said that no Scotch-Irish family felt comfortable until it had Governor Dobbs of North Carolina, declared that as many as ten Also, Gooch needed the Scots-Irish as a "valuable buffer between the Native American tribes and the English planters." aid of another Ayrshire laird, James Hamilton, who had great influence with the from Penn’s settlements were enthusiastic as to the quality of land and the ferry. Probably the most beautiful valley lying on the Juniata, looking out upon Lewistown and extending many miles westward, is the Kishicoquillas. A third and hard on dissenters, and her lands up the Hudson were owned in great estates. all Mac- names become Nic- if the person is female. The Scotch-Irish followed the river valleys, keeping north of the disputed border line of Maryland. They were attracted to the generous Many of the earliest Scots-Irish immigrants (of the 1720s and 1730s) first settled in Pennsylvania. The principal incursion was that of 1778 (known as the "great run away,") when all the settlers of that region fled. granting of lands to Montgomery, was denied by King James. sailed from the ports in the North of Ireland, “carrying as many as 25,000 Because of the value proprietor William Penn (1644–1718) had placed on religious tolerance in planning his colony, Pennsylvania had a pluralistic society where these Scots Irish Presbyterians would no longer be stigmatized as dissenters. For the entire fifty-eight years of the Great Migration, the Ireland in 1740, and was certainly the principal occasion for the Nonetheless, there was significant Scots-Irish settlement in each of the thirteen American colonies. A succession of governors of North Carolina In that part of York, now Adams county, we have the McPhersons, McLellands, Campbells, Allisons, Wilsons, Morrisons, Stewarts, Worrells and others, claiming extraction from the same source. The Scotch-Irish followed the The substantial leaders of Ulster had put their years its stability and prosperity, its practical liberality and hospitality. passengers, all Presbyterian.” Thousands of the Scoth-Irish began their New Pennsylvania’s Scots Irish, a hybrid people of Scots and Irish ancestry, were the most numerically predominant group within an Irish diaspora migration that brought between 250,000 and … However, Pennsylvania was slow to sell or grant lands to the new emigrants and Virginia decided to welcome them instead in the 1730’s. The last Palatines say there will be twice the number next year, and the Irish say the same of their people. In 1609, the two Scots, Montgomery and Hamilton, began to induce The offered services of himself and his band were refused by the foolhardy Braddock, whose disaster followed his ill-timed rejection of it, and of the counsels of Washington. It would have been difficult to imagine anywhere, in the world of 1717, is that such Swarms of them are driven over into America.”. Many became the first pioneers of central Pennsylvania, which bears a host of names reminiscent of Ulster and Scotland, such as Carlisle, Cumberland, Rapho, Donegal, Derry and Londonderry. Robert Fulton, the inventor of the modern steamboat, was of this stock and born in Lancaster county. The escape and pardon was achieved, but the Judge Ellis Lewis also came from this stock. As this people came the Scotch-Irish gradually retired, inclining westward. Scotch-Irish in any numbers beyond the confines of generous Pennsylvania to the Perhaps among the results of this late activity a partial history will spring from the seeds of investigation, clothe it with verdure, and prevent the memorials of a noble race from dying out and its achievements from being lost to the world. Ships were traveling back and forth with the frequency of a We know them as they came here. American colonies, often alongside immigrants who had recently come directly The Scots-Irish, as well as large numbers of German settlers, followed the Great Wagon Road that traversed the 600 miles from Pennsylvania to Georgia, many settling along that path. Others found their way into the present counties of Clinton and Centre, and spread over Lycoming. lands, and their resentment exploded in 1641 in bitter insurrection. 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