And in 2004, Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work. Electrical engineering coves a wide spectrum of other branches like, digital computer technologies, signal processing, telecommunications, power engineering, control systems and electronic engineering among many others. Highly informative resources to keep your education journey on track. He is the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge and former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. Weinberg is also well-known for his outspoken negative opinions on religion. Allen J. Bard is a professor at the University of Texas, where he also serves as director of the Center for Electrochemistry and holds the Norman Hackerman-Welch Regents Chair. Read the latest engineering news in the arenas of engineering business, technology, innovation and legislation. His specialty is myrmecology---the study of ants---on which he is considered to be the world's leading authority. In these lectures Conway Morris makes several claims that evolution is compatible with belief in the existence of a God. 125 likes. 10. Today, Goodall devotes virtually all of her time to advocacy on behalf of chimpanzees and the environment, traveling nearly 300 days a year. Dresselhaus received her master's degree at Radcliffe College and her Ph.D. at the University of Chicago. Hawking, who has suffered for many years from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), has received numerous awards, including the Special Fundamental Physics Prize in 2012, the Copley Medal in 2006, and the Albert Einstein Award in 1978. Bray received the Microsoft European Science Award for his work on chemotaxis in E. coli. In 2008, Montagnier was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus. Nonetheless, the case should be that an engineer should excel in several aspects and not only in one to be considered the best in his league. The United States and Iran those are producing a quarter of million engineering graduates for ea… Aside from winning the Nobel Prize, Prusiner has been honored with the United States National Medal of Science in 2008, the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1994, and the Potamkin Prize for Alzheimer's Disease Research from the American Academy of Neurology in 1991, among other awards. He has authored several popular science publications on cosmology, including A Brief History of Time, which remained on the best-seller list of the British Sunday Times for 237 weeks, and The Universe in a Nutshell. He once told a New York Times interviewer that “for good people to do evil things, that takes religion,” and his dislike of religion has only grown over the years. His current research interests are concerned with the physical properties of molecules of biological interest. Web resource: Christian Nüsslein-Volhard's Home Page. Bard's current research focuses on harnessing the power of natural sunlight to produce sustainable energy. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is Director of the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen, Germany. Niklaus Wirth is best known as the designer of Pascal. This is the only published paper in scientific history with three independent Nobel laureates collaborating as authors (the other two were Francis Crick and Aaron Klug). He is also a fellow with Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture. Engineers are Best in The World. Additionally, he is Director of the Kavli Institute for Brain Science, Co-director of the Mind-Brain-Behavior Initiative, and Senior Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. From there, he began to apply the microwave technique of wartime radar research to spectroscopy, providing a powerful tool for the study of the structure of atoms and molecules, as well as a potential new way of controlling electromagnetic waves. Stanley B. Prusiner is the Director of the Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases and a Professor of Neurology at the University of California, San Francisco. Fréchet, who was born in France, has received numerous awards, including the American Chemical Society Cope Scholar Award in 2001, the American Chemical Society Award in Polymer Chemistry in 2000, and the Society of Imaging Science and Technology's Kosar Memorial Award in 1999, among others. Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. Kandel has authored many books, including Principles of Neural Science, which is often used as a textbook and reference text in medical schools. Imhotep. Web resource: Simon Conway Morris's Home Page. In 2009, he was elected as a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He has served as chair of Theoretical Physics at Edinburgh, is a Fellow of the Royal Society, was awarded the Rutherford Medal and Prize in 1984, and became a Fellow of the Institute of Physics in 1991. Web resource: Robert J. John Tyler Bonner is one of the world's leading biologists, primarily known for his work in the use of cellular slime molds to understand evolution. Moore has received numerous awards, including the IEEE Medal of Honor in 2008 and the Bower Award for Business Leadership in 2002. One of the most revolutionary investigative techniques in the recent history of biomedical science, fMRI has become an essential tool for the modern investigation of brain functioning. Seiji Ogawa is a biophysicist who is the Distinguished Visiting Professor and Director of fMRI Research with the Neuroscience Research Institute at Gachon University of Medicine & Science, in South Korea. Weinberg earned his Ph.D. from Princeton University, and then conducted his postdoctoral work at Columbia University and the University of California, Berkeley, where he was later promoted to the faculty. Venter's JCVI is also committed to science education, offering programs in science, math, and technology for students of all ages. Among his many notable discoveries, Brenner established the existence of messenger RNA and demonstrated how the order of amino acids in proteins is determined. Top 10 Richest Engineers in 2017: 10. Baltimore has published 680 peer-reviewed articles. He is active in the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion and has lectured there on "Evolution and Fine-Tuning in Biology." He was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, along with Elizabeth Blackburn and Carol W. Greider, for discovering the details of telomere function. Watson greatly expanded the CSHL's level of funding and research, making it into a world-leading research center in molecular biology. Web resource: John Tyler Bonner's Home Page. Sterols are a major class of biomolecule and critical for life. Born in India to a Telugu-speaking family, Nadella serves as an inspiration to millions of Indians who nurse 'The American Dream'. Kandel attended New York University's Medical School, where he later took a position in the Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry; eventually, he formed the Division of Neurobiology and Behavior there. The Karolinska Institutet lauded Edelman and Porter's work as a major breakthrough, stating: “The impact of Edelman's and Porter's discoveries is explained by the fact that they provided a clear picture of the structure and mode of action of a group of biologically particularly important substances. But to get started, let's talk about how to level up your character in the game and why you should do it! Their discoveries represent clearly a break-through that immediately incited a fervent research activity the whole world over, in all fields of immunological science, yielding results of practical value for clinical diagnostics and therapy.”. In 2012, he was awarded the Fundamental Physics Prize. He worked for AT&T Bell Laboratories for over 30 years conducting biophysics research. Engineering includes empowering faculties and supporting students to reach meaningful goals and advances in the vision of becoming global engineers. In 2013, on the 100th anniversary of Niels Bohr's pioneering atomic model, the Danish Society of Engineers, in collaboration with the Niels Bohr Institute and the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, awarded the Niels Bohr Medal to Aspect. This discovery led to the development of statin-derived cholesterol medications such as atorvastatin (Lipitor), which is today a top-selling branded pharmaceutical drug. Jane Goodall is a primatologist, ethologist, and anthropologist. Kao began his experiments with fiber optics in the 1960s with strands of glass fibers thinner than a human hair and cheaper to produce than fishing line, which transmitted nearly limitless amounts of digitized data via pulses of laser light. Fire is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. This article talks about top engineers in the world who were/are not only great engineers but great human beings as well. Tour's most important contributions have been in molecular electronics, which involves nanoscale electronic devices utilizing molecular switiching molecules. Tour was ranked one of the top 10 chemists in the world over the past decade by Thomson Reuters in 2009. As a paleobiologist, Conway Morris is known for being a devout Christian, one who tries to show that the evidence from paleobiology and evolution supports the existence of God. Prusiner demonstrated that prions may be formed when a normal, benign cellular protein acquires an altered shape. Venter earned his Ph.D. in physiology and pharmacology from the University of California, San Diego. He recently published My Brief History, which is about his journey from a post-war London boy to his years of international acclaim and celebrity. Telecoms, utilities and electronics engineers – £44,504 The average salary in the sector is £44,504, … He was among the first to apply principles of taphonomy and paleoecology to the interpretation of microfossils. He has authored over 300 scientific papers and five books, including The Art and Politics of Science. In one of his latest works, Randomness in Evolution, Bonner shows how the effects of randomness differ for organisms of different sizes, and how the smaller an organism is, the more likely it is that morphological differences will be random and selection may not be involved to any significant degree. Penrose has authored or co-authored more than 10 books, including Techniques of Differential Topology in Relativity, Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness, The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe, and Cycles of Time: An Extraordinary New View of the Universe. Fréchet's current research focuses on the fundamental and applied aspects of organic, polymer, and materials chemistry. Her eight-minute video, "Where the Galaxies Are," produced in 1989, was the first graphic voyage through the universe based on observation. He is also credited with co-founding America's major telephone company AT&T, which has been going strong since 1885. He is best known for his work in the physiology and the molecular genetics of muscle performance, metabolic disease, inflammation, and cancer, and for using this information to devise small-molecule therapy. Read more about Craig Ventor in our article The 50 Greatest Living Geniuses. Donald Knuth is a mathematician and computer scientist. In 1990, she received the National Medal of Science in recognition of her work on electronic properties of materials. He also was awarded the $3 million Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for his work. If you're a brand new player, this is the place to start -- our beginners guides. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1989, along with J. Michael Bishop, for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes. Penrose has stated his belief that there are some facets of human thinking that can never be emulated by a machine. Fire conducted his graduate work in biology at MIT, and then joined the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England. He is best known for his research in the areas of dark matter and dark energy, the Warm-Hot Intergalactic Medium (WHIM), galaxy formation and black hole growth, and the interaction between quasars and their surroundings. Martin Karplus, a theoretical chemist, Emeritus Professor and the Theodore William Richards Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University. This work opened up completely new lines of research, in the process bypassing much of the rancorous public debate surrounding research on embryonic stem cells. ", In 1990 Witten became the first---and so far, the only---physicist to be awarded a Fields Medal by the International Mathematical Union, which is often viewed as the greatest honor a mathematician can receive, and has been described as “the Nobel Prize of mathematics.". The thesis made a seminal contribution to Big Bang cosmology. Engineers work in various different types of environments which will not only make the days go by faster, but also keep the variety, challenge, and diversity in work life alive. Web resource: Stanley B. Prusiner's Home Page. He has also published over 600 papers and chapters, while editing the series Electroanalytical Chemistry (21 volumes) and the Encyclopedia of the Electrochemistry of the Elements (16 volumes). Engineering … This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site. He is a member of National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and New York Academy of Sciences. Today, he lives in retirement. He is also the vice president of research at the King Abdullah University of Science & Technology in Saudi Arabia. Mullis joined the Cetus Corporation in Emeryville, California, as a DNA chemist in 1979. He was made a National Academy of Sciences fellow in 1973. Aspect continues his experiments, which are fundamental to our understanding of how everything in the world is interconnected. Whitesides is also featured in our article "50 People Who Deserve a Nobel Prize.". He received the Phi Beta Kappa Book Award for Life on a Young Planet. In 1990, Wilson and co-author Bert Hölldobler published The Ants , a magisterial synthesis of Wilson's life's work on ant taxonomy, biology,and behavior. This patent has led to the formation of his latest commercial venture, Altermune Technologies, LLC. Later, he shifted the laboratory's research emphasis to the study of cancer. In 2013, Berners-Lee was one of five Internet and Web pioneers awarded the inaugural Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. He also discusses how sexual cycles vary depending on size and complexity, and how the trend away from randomness in higher forms has even been reversed in some social organisms. Guth is the originator of the inflationary cosmology, a theory of the universe that answers the conundrum posed by the Big Bang of why the universe appears flat, homogeneous, and isotropic, when one would expect (on the basis of the physics of the Big Bang) a highly curved, heterogeneous, and anisotropic universe. Ostriker earned his Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Chicago and conducted his postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Cambridge. This article focuses on the 50 most influential scientists alive today and their profound contributions to science. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964, along with Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov, for fundamental work in the quantum electronics of oscillators and amplifiers. As you feast on the names and biographies of the scientists on this list, also check out our article "The World's 50 Smartest Teenagers." He shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Web resource: George M. Whitesides's Home Page. Web resource: Craig C. Mello's Home Page. Wilson has long taken a special interest in preserving endangered species. As a result of this experimental verification of his 40-year-old prediction, the following year (, 2o13) Higgs was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (shared with. Charles H. Townes is a physicist who taught at several universities, including the University of Tokyo, the University of Paris, the University of California, and Columbia University, among others. Guth is also interested in pursuing the possibility of inflation in "brane world" models, which propose that our universe is a four-dimensional membrane floating in a higher-dimensional space. The Karplus equation, which describes the correlation between coupling constants and dihedral angles in protein nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, is named after him. I am a little biased, being a Brit, but the Isambard Kingdom... 3. Kao earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from University College London. Fauci has an extensive research portfolio that includes applied research to prevent, diagnose, and treat infectious and immune-mediated illnesses (including HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases), illnesses from potential agents of bioterrorism, tuberculosis, malaria, autoimmune disorders, asthma, and allergies. In 1987, Mullis began consulting on nucleic acid chemistry for more than a dozen corporations, including Cytometrics, Eastman Kodak, and Specialty Laboratories. Engineering is really a field where the engineers all over the world are busy in developing something new each day. From biotechnology and digital media to sustainable energy and cloud computing, almost everything today is somehow affected---and sometimes entirely reshaped---by scientific and technological advances. Universally recognized as the greatest of all... 2. In it, Bray taps the findings of the new discipline of systems biology to show that the internal chemistry of living cells constitutes a form of computation. Some of her awards include the Karl T. Compton Medal for Leadership in Physics, the American Institute of Physics in 2001, the Medal of Achievement in Carbon Science and Technology by the American Carbon Society in 2001, and an Honorary Member of the Ioffe Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, in 2000. He retired in 1996, when he became an emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh. In 1997, Guth authored the book The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins. He was born on 5th April 1950, San Jose, Costa... 3. JCVI is home to more than 300 scientists and other staff, has more than 250,000 square feet of laboratory space, and is the world leader in genomic research. In 2007, Conway Morris was invited to give the prestigious Gifford Lectures at University of Edinburgh; they were titled "Darwin's Compass: How Evolution Discovers the Song of Creation." Thinking on a global scale is serious stuff, and engineers are helping to ensure our planet is a better place tomorrow. During his seven years there, he conducted research on oligonucleotide synthesis and invented his new PCR technique. Some of his best-known experiments confirmed that “quantum entanglement” for twinned photon pairs is irreconcilable with Einstein's worldview. He serves on the Technology Advisory Board of Monsanto, formerly Biologics, a company focused on development of RNAi products for honeybee health and various veterinary and agricultural applications. Some of his research challenges the work of Nobel Prize winner Gerhard Herzberg regarding the geometry of triplet methylene. He is the author of more than 1,200 scientific articles and is listed as an inventor on more than 50 patents. Evans is also featured in our article "50 People Who Deserve a Nobel Prize.". His latest one involves a revolutionary technique for instantly mobilizing the immune system to neutralize invading pathogens and toxins. David Koch 4. His theoretical research has been directed at one of the most challenging problems in molecular quantum mechanics, the problem of electron correlation in molecules. Guth is also featured in our article "50 People Who Deserve a Nobel Prize.". Edleman received an MD from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Medicine. The Burgess Shale Formation, located in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia, is one of the world's most productive fossil fields, famous for the exceptional preservation of the soft parts of its fossils. In 2005, he assisted in establishing a nonprofit, the E.O. By science in this article we mean the natural and engineering sciences (we thus exclude pure mathematics as well as the social sciences). As a result of this experimental verification of his 40-year-old prediction, the following year (2o13) Higgs was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (shared with François Englert). Hood received an MD from Johns Hopkins University and a Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology, where he also served as a faculty member for 22 years. He was an associate professor when he began the research that led him to the Nobel Prize. Schaefer is the author of more than 1,300 scientific publications, the majority appearing in the Journal of Chemical Physics and the Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1) Kalyanmoy Deb is a Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering at Michigan State University. Knoll is primarily known for discovering microscopic traces of early life ("microfossils") in numerous locations, including Spitsbergen, Greenland, Siberia, China, Namibia, western North America, and Australia. Knoll's work has been pivotal to our understanding of the history of life on earth during the Precambrian period, especially the Ediacaran fauna. In 2004, Time magazine stated that Witten was widely thought to be the world's greatest living theoretical physicist. Witten has also been awarded the National Medal of Science in 2002, among many other honors. Brenner has been awarded the Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award in 1971, and ultimately the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2002. Knoll is continuing to study Archean and Proterozoic paleontology and biogeochemistry, as well as selected problems in Phanerozoic earth history. Elon Musk has plans to revolutionize transportation on earth as well as to space through futuristic technology. He has made many contributions to physical chemistry, quantum chemistry, and molecular dynamics. It remains the largest collaborative biological project in history. Tour holds more than 60 United States patents, plus many non-US patents. Berners-Lee graduated from Queens College, Oxford. TheBestSchools.org is an advertising-supported site. 3. He is also a member of the French Academy of Sciences and the French Academy of Technologies. While the matter is traveling between the two Bose-Einstein condensates, it can be trapped for minutes, then reshaped into something else. He is head of the Clinical Physiology Section and chief of the Laboratory of Immunoregulation at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The scientists on this list, however, are here because of their preeminence as scientists doing science. During her doctoral studies in quantum theory at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, Hau worked on ideas similar to those involved in fiber optic cables carrying light, but her work involved strings of atoms in a silicon crystal carrying electrons. Most recently, Brenner is studying vertebrate gene and genome evolution. Jean M.J. Fréchet is a chemist and the Henry Rapoport Chair of Organic Chemistry in the department of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. Functional MRI (fMRI) has been used to map the visual, auditory, and sensory regions in the brain. Web resource: Andrew H. Knoll's Home Page. In 2000, Hood participated in founding the Institute for Systems Biology (ISB), a nonprofit, biomedical research organization based in Seattle, Washington. Some of Südhof's numerous awards include the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 2013, the Bernhard Katz Award from the Biophysical Society in 2008, and the MetLife Award in 2004, among others. Subsequently, he started his own lab at the Sydney Farber Cancer Institute at Harvard Medical School. Web resource: Sydney Brenner's Home Page. Web resource: Charles H. Townes's NobelPrize.org Page. Web resource: James D. Watson's Home Page. She was also appointed to the Abby Rockefeller Mauze Chair, an Institute-wide chair, endowed to support the scholarship of women in science and engineering. Geller is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize of the American Physical Society in 2013, the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society in 2010, the James Craig Watson Medal of the National Academy of Sciences in 2010, and the Magellanic Premium of the American Philosophical Society in 2008, among several others. He is the founder and director of the Neurosciences Institute, a non-profit research center that studies the biological bases of higher brain function in humans, and he is on the scientific board of the World Knowledge Dialogue project. Yamanaka showed, for the first time, that an intact, differentiated (adult), somatic cell could be reprogrammed to become pluripotent, thus having unlimited powers to differentiate itself. The new technique has had far-reaching applications in medicine, genetics, biotechnology, and forensics. Marks II is the Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Baylor University in Waco, Texas. Whitesides has one of the highest Hirsch index rating of all living chemists, which measures both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist or scholar. Later a MacArthur Foundation fellowship general audience way in making Dictyostelium discoideum a model organism central examining! 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