By 1920, all of the regiment's war-raised battalions had disbanded. 3rd (Kent) Regiment of Foot, 'The Buffs', 1751. “The Buffs” was officially made part of the regiment’s name by royal warrant in the 1750s, according to several histories we consulted. 38 thoughts on “ The Buffs Royal East Kent Regiment WW2 North Africa Campaign and Burma Campaign ” Brian Dean 12th September 2017 at 8:22 pm. --Gerard Oram, American Historical Review About the Author Mark Connelly is a Reader of Modern British History, and Head of School of History, University of Kent. It had a brief existence until 1966, when it merged with three other units to form The Queen's Regiment. Initially serving in India, 2nd Battalion joined 1st Battalion in France in 1915, before moving to Salonika for the rest of the war. The 2nd Battalion, 3rd (East Kent) Regiment - 'The Buffs' were part of the original invasion forming part of No. 2nd Battalion fought in the Zulu War (1879) and Boer War (1899-1902), while 1st Battalion served on the North West Frontier of India during the expeditions to Chitral and Malakand (1895-97). The Buffs (Royal East Kent) Tie, The Buffs (Royal East Kent) Silk Non Crease Tie, The Buffs (Royal East Kent) Cufflinks, and other regimental gifts and clothing accessoriesThe Buffs (Royal East Kent) Shop. They were referred to as the New Army or Kitchener's Army. [5] The regiment's territorial components formed duplicate second and third line battalions. The Buffs fielded 15 battalions and lost over 6,000 officers and other ranks during the course of the war. The Buffs VC's: General Sir Mark WALKER VC, KCB (Formerly a Buffs Officer) (5 November 1854) General Sir Frederick Francis MAUDE VC, GCB (5 September 1855) Corporal James SMITH VC (16 September 1897) Lance Corporal William R COTTER VC (6 March 1916) Major Anders F.E.V.S LASSEN VC, MC (1st S.A.S Formerly The Buffs) The regiment has taken part in nearly all of the major conflicts and in 1958 began their last operational tour in Aden. For further information visit The Queen’s Own Buffs … Coleman East Kent Regiment The Buffs grave St James the Great, Friern Barnet.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 4.86 MB. On the outbreak of the First World War (1914-18), 1st Battalion was in Britain and deployed straight to the Western Front. Two guards representing The Buffs with their Colours and two guards representing the Queen’s Own with their Colours marched on … That same year, its nickname of 'the Buffs' was incorporated into its title. The Regiment went on to serve during the American War of Independence (1775-83) and also stationed in the West Indies and fought during The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) at the Battles … It existed until 1961, when it was amalgamated into The Queen’s Own Buffs, Royal Kent Regiment. The regiment, founded in 1572, was nicknamed “the Buffs” in the early 18th century because of the colors of its uniforms. 34 talking about this. It had a history dating back to 1572 and was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army, being third in order of precedence (ranked as the 3rd Regiment of the line). The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent RegimentThe Buffs Association Reunion March 2016Burgate, Canterbury In March 1961, after 389 years of service, the regiment merged with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment to form The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment. The following year, the regiment raised a 2nd Battalion (disbanded in 1679), which fought alongside the 1st in Flanders for a year. The Territorial Force (later Territorial Army) was formed in 1908, which the volunteer battalions joined, while the militia battalions transferred to the "Special Reserve". Ownership of the regimental collection of The Buffs has passed from Canterbury City Council to the National Army Museum where the collection is now housed. To avoid confusion with existing Dutch units, the Holland Regiment was renamed Prince George of Denmark's Regiment after William's brother-in-law. ~ THE BUFFS ~ 1901 onwards. Soldiers from 7th Battalion, The Buffs, 1916, A soldier of The Buffs using a Vickers against aircraft, 1916. The title of the regiment, The Buffs, was retained after R.A.C. This is a list of battalions of the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), which existed as an infantry regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1961. So if you are interested in joing a British unit for World War One, then be sure to contact us. Following peacekeeping duties in Greece, 1st Battalion was disbanded in August 1947. Origins. Amalgamations with other regiments and battalions followed and in 1992 became The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment. 1st Battalion was in Egypt on the outbreak of the Second World War (1939-45). My late father also served in the ‘Buffs’ and went to the same places and received the same medals, his name was Thomas Dean and he had a friend named Roy Gabbatiss who died in Newton Abbott, Devon in 1942. The Buffs – France 1940 Extracted from Historical Records of The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) 3rd Foot 1919-1948 C.R.B. is a book that will be of great interest to military historians." Organised as "rifle volunteer corps", they were independent of the British Army and composed primarily of the middle class. This infantry regiment was formed in 1961. 141 Regiment were the first R.A.C. It had a history dating back to 1572 and was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army being third in order of precedence (ranked as the 3rd Regiment of the line). There was a further change of name in 1782, when the title East Kent Regiment was added. The only change to the regiment's structure during the period of 1881-1908 occurred in 1888, when the two militia battalions of the regiment amalgamated. The Buffs are always looking for new members. It fought in the American War of Independence (1775-83) and, apart from a return to Flanders in 1794, spent much of the 1780s and 1790s in the West Indies. The Special Reserve reverted to its militia designation in 1921, then to the Supplementary Reserve in 1924; however, its battalions were effectively placed in 'suspended animation'. One of these, the 7th, was converted to an armoured role in 1941 as the 141st Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps, and landed in Normandy in June 1944. It existed until 1969 when it became part of The Royal Regiment of Wales. The 1957 Defence White Paper stated that the Buffs was due to amalgamated with the Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, to form the Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment on the 1 March 1961. The 3rd Regiment received its nickname of 'The Buffs' because it had been issued with buff coats when it first served abroad in the Low Countries. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Lists of British Army units and formations, Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment, http://www.kentfallen.com/PDF%20reports/BUFFS%20DATES.pdf, "Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) - Queen's Regimental Association", http://queensregimentalassociation.org/media/Buffs%20(Royal%20East%20Kent%20Regiment).pdf, "The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) - 4th Battalion", https://armyservicenumbers.blogspot.com/2020/01/the-buffs-east-kent-regiment-4th.html, "The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) - 5th Battalion", https://armyservicenumbers.blogspot.com/2020/01/the-buffs-east-kent-regiment-5th.html, "The Buffs (East Kent Regt) - 1st & 2nd Battalions", https://armyservicenumbers.blogspot.com/2009/11/buffs-east-kent-regt-1st-2nd-battalions.html, https://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/regiments-and-corps/the-british-infantry-regiments-of-1914-1918/buffs-east-kent-regiment/, "Unit History: Buffs (East Kent Regiment)", https://www.forces-war-records.co.uk/units/239/buffs-east-kent-regiment, "4th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)", https://web.archive.org/web/20060525144045/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/inf/003Buffs.htm, "5th (The Weald of Kent) Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)", https://web.archive.org/web/20051227043349/http://regiments.org/regiments/uk/volmil-england/vinf-so/ke-e5.htm, "1st Battalion, Royal East Kent Regiment during the Second World War", https://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/ww2/allied/battalion.php?pid=845, "2nd Battalion, Royal East Kent Regiment during the Second World War", https://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/ww2/allied/battalion.php?pid=846, "4th Battalion, Royal East Kent Regiment during the Second World War", https://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/ww2/allied/battalion.php?pid=847, "5th Battalion, Royal East Kent Regiment during the Second World War", https://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/ww2/allied/battalion.php?pid=848, "1st Battalion, 3rd Regiment of Foot 1665-1881/1st Battalion, The Buffs 1881-1961", https://web.archive.org/web/20060528013617/http://www.regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/003-1.htm, "2nd Battalion, 3rd Regiment of Foot 1803-1815, 1857-1881/2nd Battalion, The Buffs 1881-1949", https://web.archive.org/web/20060515064305/http://www.regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/003-2.htm, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_battalions_of_the_Buffs_(Royal_East_Kent_Regiment)?oldid=5095147, 2nd Kent (East Kent) Rifle Volunteer Corps, 5th Kent (The Weald of Kent) Rifle Volunteer Corps, 2nd (The Weald of Kent) Volunteer Battalion, Absorbed into the 4th (Reserve) Battalion on 1 September 1916, 10th (Royal East Kent & West Kent Yeomanry), Became the 29th Training Reserve Battalion of the 7th Reserve Brigade, on 1 September 1916, Absorbed 5th (The Weald of Kent) Battalion, without a change in title on 26 August 1921, Absorbed by 4th Battalion on 26 August 1921, 31 March 1939, as a duplicate of 4th Battalion, Redesignated as 30th Battalion in December 1941, Converted to 89th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery in November 1940, Amalgamated with 2nd Battalion on the 23 September 1949, without a change in title, Amalgamated with 1st Battalion on the 23 September 1949, Redesignated the 4th/5th Battalion on 1 January 1947, Amalgamated with 1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, to form 1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment, Transferred to the Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment without a change in title. This marked the regiment's formal entry into the British Army. It spent the entire conflict fighting in the Middle East and Italy. In 1756, it raised a 2nd Battalion again. The regiment returned to Flanders five times in the first half of the 18th century. ... or wish to commission a product for your regiment or unit, please get in touch. As an example, the three-line battalions of the 4th Buffs were numbered as the 1/4th, 2/4th, and 3/4th respectively. In 1857, the regiment formed a 2nd Battalion once again. All volunteer battalions were renumbered to create a single sequential order. It went on to fight in nearly all the British Army's campaigns and is now part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland. This short-lived regiment was formed in March 1961 by merging the two county regiments of Kent, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) and The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment. 2nd Battalion was moved from India to Malaya in November 1945, operating there and in Hong Kong until being renumbered as 1st Battalion in 1949. This infantry unit was created in 1881 and recruited in Camarthenshire, Glamorganshire and Pembrokeshire. The three English regiments chose to disband. The Queen’s Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment Collection was given to the University of Kent by the Regimental Association of The Queen’s Own Buffs in 2013. Be the first to hear about our latest events, exhibitions and offers. Its first and only colonel was Queen Elizabeth II’s aunt, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. National Army Museum – Buffs, Royal East Kent Regiment – Second target. Simply enter your email address below to start receiving our monthly email newsletter. The Buffs defending the Colours at Albuera, 1811, Officers and men of the 3rd (East Kent) Regiment, 1855. The Buffs name is derived from two historical notes. In 1960, after nearly 400 years of distinguished service, the regiment became part of The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment. About This Museum. The first is due to it's original role as a Lodge building for The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes (RAOB) and the second comes from the nickname of one of the oldest Regiment in the British Army (Royal East Kent Regiement) also called The Buffs. Cap badge of Corporal William Cotter VC, The Buffs, c1916, Grenadier of the 3rd Regiment of Foot, 1751. Museums Details Regiments Visiting Advice Facilities Contact This Museum. as a clear indication of the proud origins of this unique unit. When the 3rd (The East Kent) Regiment of Foot became the Buffs (East Kent Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, four pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Kent were integrated into the structure of the regiment. We are a re-enactment group portraying the 3rd East Kent Buffs Regiment at the time of the Napoleonic Wars. Media in category "The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,293 total. The regiment then went on to serve in Sudan in 1950, Egypt in 1951, Kenya in 1953, West Germany in 1955 and 1959, and Aden in 1958. The Medal Roll would reveal the names of members of the 2nd/3rd. During the Napoleonic Wars (1803-15), the regiment served in northern Germany, Madeira, the Peninsula - where it fought from 1808 to 1814 - and North America, for the last year of the War of 1812 (1812-14). Thoroughly enjoyed it. The regiment took part in the Rochefort and Belleisle raids in the 1750s, before fighting in the Peninsula in 1762 and Minorca in 1763. In the immediate post-war period, the army was significantly reduced: nearly all infantry regiments had their first and second battalions amalgamated and the Supplementary Reserve disbanded. Within two years this had become an independent regiment as the 61st Foot. The 1/5th Buffs (East Kent Regiment) passing over the Jebel Hamrin, Palestine, December 1917. Two guards representing The Buffs with their Colours and two guards representing the Queen’s Own with their Colours marched on … unit to be equipped with Churchill tanks that had been converted into flame-thrower tanks for the role of close infantry support. Welcome to the 3 rd Regiment web site. It was later given buff-coloured uniform facings (collar, lapels and cuffs) and waistcoats to distinguish itself from those of other regiments. It stayed there throughout the conflict. In March 1961, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) merged with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, to form the Queen's Own Buffs The Royal Kent Regiment. We have loaner equipment to help you out until you get our own kit together. The regiment also raised 12 Reserve, Territorial and New Army battalions during the conflict, serving in all the main theatres of war. War 1812 3rd East Kent Regiment Buffs Light Infantry. The Black Watch can trace its origins back to the early 18th century. EAST KENT REGIMENT "The 2nd Battalion sailed on the Gaika on 22nd December 1899, and arrived at the Cape on January 13th, 1900.". 6th Buffs Regiment (East Kent) Join the 6th Buffs! A Crocodile of 141st Regiment, RAC (The Buffs), supporting infantry in Holland, 1945, 1st Battalion The Buffs training at Moore Barracks, Dortmund, Germany, 1959. Knight – chapter IV, pages 46 to 62 The 2nd Battalion was earmarked on mobilization to join the Corps Troops of Lieut.-General Sir John … National Defence Companies were combined to create a new "Home Defence" battalion, and in addition to this, a number of battalions and batteries of the Home Guard were affiliated to the regiment. Photograph of the 2nd Buffs (East Kent Regiment) The 2nd Battalion of the famous Buffs arrived at Cape Town in the "Gaika" on January 14th. After a spell of garrison duties in France and Ireland, it spent 1821 to 1827 guarding convicts, both on the outbound voyage and then in Australia itself. Thought the presentation & interpretation made the subject accessible...". To find out more about how we collect, store and use your personal information, read our Privacy Policy. The Buff's expansion during the Second World War was modest compared to 1914–1918. Soldiers of 5th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) in Italy, June 1944. As World War II approached, the Territorial Army was reorganised in the mid-1930s, many of its infantry battalions were converted to other roles, especially anti-aircraft. But its 99-year county association with East Kent was formalised. In 1782 the Regiment was re-designated 3rd (East Kent) Regiment of Foot (The Buffs). This infantry unit was formed in 1881. The 3rd Foot survived the 1881 Army reforms unmerged. 2nd Battalion fought in the battle of France, the invasions of Iran and Iraq, and the Burma campaign. Next came 17 years in India, followed by service in the Crimean War (1854-56) and the 2nd China War (1856-60). The Fusiliers are watching you!’ That year, the latter was required to choose between allegiance to the Dutch Republic or disbandment. Was one of three English regiments in a seven-strong British brigade... or wish commission! Time of the Regiment was renamed Prince George of Denmark 's Regiment. were to. 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